To walk away Syracuse and find the most touristic attractions of the city and how to get there it is useful to have a GPS navigation app for smartphones.Syracuse is an historic city located on the southeast coast of the Italian island of Sicily, in the Mediterranean Sea, and the capital of the province with the same name; the city was classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The nucleus of the ancient city was the small island of Ortygia.
The city was founded in the 8th century B.C. by the Ancient Greek people, the Corinthians and the Teneans, as a city-state and it is credited as the birthplace of the famous mathematician Archimedes, is referred in the Bible´s Acts of the Apostles due to the fact that St. Paul was there and for the rich vestiges of Greek and Roman culture and history, as well as from the Christian period.
On December 13 Syracuse celebrates the feast of Saint Lucy, a young Christian martyr born in the city and its patron saint. Close to Syracuse (approximately 23 km) is the Necropolis of Pantalica, classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site; where is possible to see large rock cemeteries tombs dated from the 13th to the 7th centuries B.C. This Necropolis has five cemeteries – Filiporto (4th century B.C.), with almost one thousand tombs; North West necropolis (12th – 11th centuries); Cavetta necropolis; North necropolis, with approximately 1,000 tombs; South necropolis. At the Necropolis of Pantalica is also possible to see a Mycenaean princely palace, the Anaktoron, probably dated from the Byzantine period.From the Greek and Roman period it is possible to admire at Syracuse the Temple of Apollo (6th century B.C.), the Greek Theater (5th century B.C.), the Roman amphitheatre, the Tomb of Archimedes (at the “Grotticelli Necropolis”) and the Temple of Zeus (the Greek God of Gods), dated from the 6th century B.C. and located about 3 km of the center of the city.
At Syracuse is also possible to admire buildings of the Christian period, such as the Cathedral, dated from the 7th century), on Ortygia island, the Byzantine church built in the 15th –16th century, in the same place of the martyrdom of the saint in 303 A.D., the Basilica of St.Lucy, the Church of St. Paul, built on the 18th century, the Church of Santa Lucìa alla Badìa, dated from the 17th century and where it is possible to see the painting of the Italian painter Caravaggio, “The Burial of St. Lucy”, the Church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli, dated from the 13th century and the Basilica of St. John the Evangelist, which main altar is of the Byzantine style and where it can be seen several frescos.
Other interesting places to visit at Syracuse are the Maniace Castle (13th century), the Archaeological Museum, several palaces such as the Palace of the Archbishop, dated from the 17th century, the Palace Lanza Buccheri (16th century), the Palace Mergulese-Montalto (14th century) and the Palace Migliaccio, built on the 15th century, the Castle of Euryalos and the Fountain of Diana.