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VERONA – ITALY

For those who intend to visit Verona an android navigation for smartphones is a very good help to find the best way to reach the main touristic attractions.

Verona is an Italian city, classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site due to its urban structure and architecture, crossed over by Adige River and located in the region of Veneto, in the northern area of Italy. The city was the birthplace of the novelist Emilio Salgari and of the composer Antonio Salieri and it is also the place where the action of the tragedy written by William Shakespeare, “Romeo and Juliet”, take place.

Scholars and historians do not know neither the origin of the name of Verona, neither the date of its foundation, and they assume that the city was founded by the Euganei people, a semi-mythical proto-Italic ethnic group, and conquered in 550 B.C. by the Cenomani people, an ancient Gaul tribe from a part of Northern Italy, the Cisalpine Gaul; about 300 B.C. Verona became a Roman territory and in 89 B.C. a roman colony.

The main landmarks of Verona are the buildings and monuments of the Roman and early medieval periods.

Among the Roman buildings and monuments visitors may see the Verona Arena, an amphitheatre dated from 30 A.D., located in Bra Square, the largest in the city, where nowadays operas are performed and the main touristic attraction, the “Piazza delle Erbe” (Erbe Square), the city’s forum on the Roman Empire period, the “Porta Borsari” (“Borsari Gate”), dated from the 1st century A.D., “Porta Leoni” (“Leoni Gate”), dated from the1st century B.C., the Roman Theatre, dated from the 1st century B.C., the “Ponte di Pietra” (“Stone Wall Bridge”) that crosses the Adige River, dated from 100 B.C. and the “Arco dei Gavi” (“Gavi Arch”) located at the “Via Postumia”, an ancient Roman road leading to the city, dated from the 1st century B.C.

Within the medieval monuments tourists can admire several Renaissance Palaces, the basilica of San Zeno Maggiore, built in a Romanesque style and dated from the 10th century (the church in the 12th century was damaged by an earthquake and it was re-built between the 12th and the 14th centuries), the Sant’Anastasia Church, built between the 13th and the 14th centuries in a Gothic Style, The Santa Maria Antica Church, built in a Romanesque style, famous for the Gothic tombs of the family Scaliger, who ruled the city, the Pellegrini Chapel, famous due to the fresco “St. George and the Princess of Trebizond”, a work from the Italian painter Pisanello, and the “Ponte Scaligero” (“Scaligero Bridge), also known as the “Castel Vecchio Bridge”, an arc and fortified bridge, built in the 14th century.

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