Reykjavik, the capital city of Iceland is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, in the southwest area of the country on the Bay of Faxaflói, and has the most northern latitude of all capital cities of the world; the city is crossed by River Elliðaá, where it is possible to fish one the best salmons of the country.
A smartphone with GPS navigation Europe will help the visitors of the city to found its most important landmarks and touristic points.
Reykjavik was founded in the 18th century (1786) by the Danish rulers of Iceland, to be a town dedicated to trade, but archaeological findings show the existence of a settlement in the area that is believed to be established in the 9th century by Norwegian Ingólfur Arnarson and his Norsemen tribe.
Some of the main touristic attractions of the city are the forest of Heiðmörk, about 10 km away from Reykjavik, Nauthólsvík, a beach heated by geothermal sources, the geothermal spa of the Blue Lagoon, the “Red Hills (Rauðhólar in the Icelandic language) that is a group of pseudo craters lava fields and the lake Tjörnin, in the center of the city.
The most known museums of Reykjavik are the Reykjavik Art Museum, the largest art museum of the country, founded in 1973, the National Museum of Iceland, founded in 1863, the Viking Maritime Museum, founded in 2005 and located at the harbor area that exhibits the maritime history of Iceland, and the Reykjavík Open Air Museum (the “Árbæjarsafn”), established in 1968 and that intends to show to the visitors the way of living in the earlier times of the Reykjavík inhabitants; this museum organized an archaeological exhibition, the Reykjavík 871±2 camp, showing the ruins of the houses and other findings from the Viking period.
Other landmarks and touristic attractions of the city are the Perlan, a building based on the hot water storage tanks, with a glass dome, with an exhibition area, known as the Winter Garden, shops and restaurants, and in which there are panoramic telescopes that allow to have a general view of Reykjavík, the Icelandic parliament building (the “Alþingishúsið”), dated from the 19th century, the Culture House, dated from the earlier 20th century that houses several exhibitions, the Lutheran Church of Hallgrímskirkja, the large one in the country, Reykjavík Concert & Conference Center (“Harpa Reykjavík”), the City Hall (“Ráðhús Reykjavíkur”), dated from the latter 20th century, the National and University Library of Iceland and the most important shopping street, Laugavegur, located downtown and dated from the 19th century.