The area where the capital city of Iran, Tehran, is located was inhabited since the antiques times, but the city only in modern times (latter 18th century) became the 32nd and final capital of the country; it is the largest city in Western Asia.
Tehran lies in an altitude of around 1,200 meters, in the foothills of the Albroz Range, in the northern region of Iran, not far away from the coast of Caspian Sea.
An android navigation for smartphone will help visitors to find the best way to reach the main landmarks of the city.
The actual symbol of Tehran is the Azadi Tower (Azadi means “liberty” in the Iranian language), located in the square with the same name and the most famous of the city, was built in 1971 to celebrate an important and historic date of Iran: the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire. To this building was given the name of Shahyad Tower (the “King’s Memorial”), but after the Iranian revolution (1979) the name was changed to the actual.
Marking the west entrance of the city and made of marble, the Azadi Tower has an audio/visual theatre displaying the history and geography of Iran, and in the basement the Azadi Museum.
Other famous touristic attractions of the city are the Golestan Palace Complex, classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, the Sa’dabad Palace (the “White House”), dated from the 19th century and built to be the official residence of the Pahlavi monarchs of the country, the Niavaran Palace Complex, the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, publicly displayed at the Central of Iran, the Tehran International Tower, the tallest residential building of the country, and the Milad Tower.
The Golestan Palace Complex that is the oldest historic monument of Tehran dates from the 15th century and was built to be the residence of the kings of the Savafid dynasty. The complex comprises actually 14 palaces and museums, in which it can be seen the Sun Throne, the imperial throne of Persia (the former name of Iran), built in the 19th century.
The Sa’dabad Palace is nowadays a museum and the official residence of the President of the country.
Other places to be visited at Tehran are the district of Darband, from where people can start the hiking trail or take the chair lift to the top of Tochal Mountain, within the Albroz Range, the Tehran City Theatre, the Hosseiniyeh Ershad a non-traditionalist religious institute that houses a large public library, the Abrisham Bridge, the Mellat Park, where it is possible to admire musical fountains, the Jamshidieh Park, the Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini and the Armenian Apostolic St. Sarkis Church.
Apart from the museums referred above, other important museums of the city are the National Museum of Iran, the Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, the Carpet Museum of Iran, the Tehran’s Underglass Painting Museum, the Safir Office Machines Museum, the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, featuring paintings from Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol, among other famous artists, the Reza Abbasi Museum, the Darabad Museum of Natural History and the Money Museum.
The National Museum of Iran was established in 1937 and exhibits artifacts from the pre-historic periods (Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze and Iron Ages), of the ancient Persia and the post-Islamic period; it is also possible to see the statues of several Persian kings and the mummy of a prince (the “Salt Man”), preserved in a salt mine for 2,000 years.